Actinic keratosis is also referred to as Solar keratosis. It occur in skin surfaces that have been extremely exposed to the sun, and it generally measures between 2-6 millimeters in diameter, they often appear with irregular texture and come in a reddish discolourations. Actinic keratosis may also come with some white or yellow scale colour on the top of the scales. The infection often occur against a background of sun damage at is also characterized with wrinkles, and sallowness. The infection is also associated with disruption in superficial blood vessels.
Aside the fact that actinic keratosis infections often feel rough to the feel, they also feel painful especially when rubbed against the hand or any material surface. The formation of some curtaneous horns are the features of some of the advanced forms of actinic keratosis, in this situation the infections protrude out in a horn-like manner, and are sometimes accompanied by the roughness of the lower lip plus rough edges forming just at the edges of the lips.
The light skin people are mostly predisposed to actinic keratosis, and these are the people that spend more time in the sun or those who have exposed their skin to some form of indoor tanning. The skin of a sufferer often becomes motled and wrinkled, and aside those who have exposed their skin to excessive damaging effect of the sun, people who have depressed immune system also possess the risk of contracting the virus especially those who have had some recent surgical operations like organ transplants.
The nose, bridge and the cheeks are the parts of the body where jeratosis actinic often apply most. The scalp and the back of the hand may also become hardened but are most times protected because of the several hairstyles women do. The raised brown lesions may appear at any area of the skin and the infection can also be genetic in nature.
Actinic keratosis is first of all diagnoses by physical examination before any other thing. The affected area becomes so thick and a biopsy will be carried out to determine the extent of infection and wether the infection can lead to possible skin cancer.