Actinic keratosis is a kind of premalignant Hyperkeratosis that is identified by patches or bumps that are usually flat and raised, scaly, thick, or crusty. Other terms used to refer to this condition are senile keratosis and solar keratosis. In common term, it can be called sun spot or precancerous spot. The abbreviated term for this is “AK.” Its measure ranges from that of a pinhead up to more than an inch across. Its color may be light or dark, pink, red, tan, or a combination of these colors.
Touching the actinic keratosis can confirm its occurrence rather than merely seeing it. The crust or the scale that becomes obvious is normally, dry, rough and resembles a horn. A sharply painful sensation can be experienced when one has this. Those individuals who have the probability to be exposed to the sun, itchiness can be experienced. Many actinic keratoses are more likely to appear in cluster in areas that are most likely to be exposed in the sun. Most common areas are backs of hands, lips, face, ears, neck, foreams, and bald scalp.
This kind of condition is dangerous as it may be a manifestation of cancer in the skin. Granting that there is early cancer detection and medical assistance is undergone, this cannot be threatening to one’s life. If actinic keratoses are not attended medically, they have the tendency to grow larger and be infected as it invade the tissues that surround it.
It has to be noted that over time, damage from the sun to the skin can be accumulated. One thing to consider is the bouncing off of ultraviolet rays on reflective surfaces. Fair-skinned people are more susceptible to this skin condition. The same goes for those who have green, gray or blue eyes, and those who have red or blonde hair. This is so due to little pigments that protects their skin from sunburns. As long as there is high exposure to the sun, this condition is possible even for those who are dark-skinned.
Actinic keratosis can be treated by means of several kinds of treatment. Nonetheless, removal of all actinic keratoses is not always a must. One of the most popular treatment for this is cryosurgery. Liquid nitrogen is applied in order to freeze off lesions. Utilized here is an applicator with a cottop tip or a special spray device.
Topical cream is medicated to an individual who have several lesions. Chemical peels may also be used or the method called curettage where the lesion is scraped away with an instrument called a curette.
Generally, it is highly advised by many skin doctors to seek them first if you want to learn more regarding this condition.