Hyperkeratosis is a condition where the outer layer of the human skin thickens as a result of rubbing, irritation and pressure. The skin reacts to protect itself hence resulting to hyperkeratosis. The reaction could be against sun radiations, infections, chronic inflammation or chemicals that are irritating.
In some cases hyperkeratosis can occur without any major cause. This usually happens just after birth and is believed to be hereditary.
To be able to know if it is Keratosis, first you need to understand various types of hyperkeratosis. These different types of hyper Keratosis presents different symptoms in different parts of the body. Differing symptoms can also be experienced by different individuals. Keratosis can be painful in some people and others may not experience any pain.
Some examples of hyperkeratosis include corn and calluses. This type of hyperkeratosis usually occurs on toes that are irritated. They can also appear on the palm of hands. This type of hyperkeratosis can sometimes be painful and cause medical problems.
Another type of hyperkeratosis is warts which appear on the sole of the feet. Warts are caused by a virus called human papilloma virus. Warts are usually spread by coming into contact with someone who has warts or a surface that is contaminated. Sharing of shoes can also lead to spread of warts.
Inflammation of the skin caused by allergies or chemicals that are irritating can cause hyperkeratosis called chronic eczema. Eczema is characterized by red, itch and tiny blisters. This inflation can also lead to other conditions like dry skin, localized hair loss, scarring and changes in skin color.
White lacy patches inside the mouth are an indication of a condition known as lichen planus. This may be caused by abnormal immune system reaction.
Red, flat and rough patch on the skin is an indication of actinic Keratosis. This is another type of hyperkeratosis. Actinic Keratosis is caused by excessive exposure of the skin to the sunlight.
Seborrheic Keratosis is characterized by non cancerous skin growths on the skin. These growths can be black, tan, or brown. They usually appear on the arms, face, legs and trunk.
These disorders can be treated using various treatments. They are not likely to disappear without treatment. For instance inherited hyperkeratosis cannot be cured, they only need management
It is advisable to protect yourself from getting hyperkeratosis. There are other forms of Keratosis that are easily prevented such as warts, corns, and chronic eczema and actinic Keratosis. They can be prevented by observing hygiene, wearing comfortable shoes, avoid using harsh chemicals, and use of sunscreens all day.
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