Eczema is a general term used in describing several different kinds of skin inflammations. It is common referred to as dermatitis , and it is common among children especially those between 5 years and younger. Those who suffer from this skin infection often have some history of the infection and it tends to re-occur throughout a lifetime. It is believed that 20% of children and 1-2% of adults suffer from eczema, and it is a disorder that is more rampant in girls than in boys. Though the disorder is not contagious , however several individuals within a family may suffer from the infection at one time.
The general causes of eczema are not know but it is suspected that malfunctioning of the immune system, as well as a defect on the skin which affects its function as a barrier to some disorders may largely contribute to the development of eczema on the skin. Some eczema infections are triggered by some substances that come in contact with the skin , most times, people who change their usual bathing soaps, cosmetics, detergents, jewelries, and those who sweat profusely without having regular baths are often found to be susceptible to eczema infections. Other conditions that can trigger eczema infections include; environmental conditions such as changes in temperature and humidity; allergic reactions to medications or foods, psychological stress, and anxiety among several others.
The appearances of dry and reddish-coloured skin is one of the earliest symptoms of eczema infection, the infections become itchy, though the severity of the symptoms will vary from one individual to the other as well as the type of eczema infections one is suffering from. Eczema may sometimes lead to oozing lesions or blisters, and sometimes may also result in dry and itchy skin and repeated scratching of such affected area will lead to thickened and crusty skin.
Eczema may just be a temporary reaction to some treatment medications and may last for few hours, however the one that persisted for a long time is often referred to as chronic dermatitis. The goal of the treatment of eczema is to reduce or eradicate all forms of itching, redness, and inflammation which characterize the infection. The treatment of eczema may range from simply changing one’s lifestyle or the use of some remedial medications. The treatment will also depend on the age of the individual and the severity of the condition. Topical cream medications are used mostly in dealing eczema conditions caused by allergic reactions and environmental conditions .