Before we can discuss what hyperpigmentation is, we should first become familiar with the term pigmentation. Simply put, skin pigmentation is the color of a person’s skin. It is the body’s skin cells (melanocytes) that function to create melanin in the skin. If an individual’s epidermis has more melanin in their skin, it will also be proportionally darker. Skin pigmentation is mainly determined by the racial ethnicity of the person and the amount of sun exposure they get each day. Due to these aspects in determining skin color, the colors of people’s skins vary from one person to the next.
About hyperpigmentation, it refers to the darkening of a specific part or parts of an individual’s skin which is caused by the increased production of melanin. Due to this, dark spots of skin manifest on one’s body where they wouldn’t normally do so. Sun damage, skin inflammation, or other skin injuries are seen as the main causes of hyperpigmentation. For the record, many conditions and bodily ailments are typically linked with hyperpigmentation. Here are several kinds of examples: Addison’s disease, acanthosis nigricans, melasma, porphyria, Cushing’s disease, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, melanosis, haemochromatosis, linea nigra, Celiac disease, Cronkite-Canada syndrome, as well as Tinea fungal infections. Hyperpigmentation is more well-know when seen as freckles, liver spots, sun spots, as well as age spots. Chemicals such as bleomycin, salicylic acid, and cisplatin have also been been known to be a cause of hyperpigmentation. The people most prone to hyperpigmentation are those with Asian, African and the Mediterranean descent. Bring exposed to too much sun’s rays will make them even more susceptible.
If one has hyperpigmentation, then their looks are commonly affected a lot. Since physical beauty places very high nowadays, hyperpigmentation may ruin one’s appearance. One’s complexion must be smooth and even, if you wish to be attractive. Hyperpigmentation hinders this. The afflicted parts of hyperpigmentation are usually the most noticeable and visible ones. These include the person’s face, neck, scalp, nape, forearms and hands. A lot of people are ashamed to show the unsightly dark spots of skin. They try to cover them up with clothes or cosmetics. Luckily, science has made it possible to find techniques to alleviate the condition. Skin lightening products are typically used for this purpose. These products commonly contain azelaic acid, topical glucocorticoids, ascorbic acid, tretinoin (Retinol), licorice extract, hydroquinone, alpha hydroxy acids, and kojic acid.
Skin is less attractive when marred by hyperpigmentation which is otherwise typically harmless. Since the afflicted areas are darker than the normal surrounding skin, many people desire for their condition to be alleviated. A solution may be found by using pigmentation creams prescribed by doctors. On the other hand, all treatment will go to waste if the individual with hyperpigmentation refuses to avoid direct exposure from the sunlight.