Illnesses causing Hyper-pigmentation: Leopard Syndrome

Leopard syndrome is caused by different mutations caused on a particular gene of the body.  Leopard syndrome is also a rare occurring  disorder. The symptoms of the Leopard syndrome are characterized by several other complications which include; Freckling of  the skin especially caused by lentigines, retarded growth{ most children born with this infection often have normal growth and development , however this will slow down within the first year of growth}, abnormal genitals{ retention of testicles in the body , formation of just one single testicle in male children, and missing ovaries in female children}, Pulmonary stenosis{ narrowing down of the pulmonary artery} as well as some other cardio disorders.

Other Leopard Syndrome Symptoms

Some other  common symptoms of Leopard symptoms include; Electro-cardiographic conduction abnormalities, ocular abnormalities{ formation of widest eyes which may lead to some resemblance of the parents of the child, the facial abnormalities are the second most notable symptoms for people suffering from Leopard syndrome}, and nerve deafness. There are several other noticeable symptoms of the Leopard syndrome, it is ideal to go for a clinical diagnosis which is often found necessary only if one or more of these symptoms have been discovered.

Medical care as well as surgical care are the main possible ways of treating Leopard syndrome. Medical care therapies involves the laser treatment of some of the symptoms of Leopard Syndrome such as the Lentigines, Some patients may react favourably with the use of Hydroquinone creams .In place of Hydroquinone creams , therapeutic regimens such as the use of calcium channel blocking agents that will reduce the outflow tract obstruction as well as severe skeletal deformities in such patients. In situations where the infection has become a life threatening one, Antiarrhythmic treatment can be offered to such patients.

Surgical care is also offered in situations where there has been a massive obstruction of the patient’s outflow tract.  Medications such as the combination of tretinoins and Hydroquinone can be used  as lightening agents on the affected skin regions. These chemicals could be harmful and must be used under strict guidelines.  Retinoids can also be used in the treatment of Leopard syndromes as it possess the ability to stop malignant cancerous growth. The combination of retinoids with hydroquinone is very ideal for the tropical treatment of Leopard syndrome. There are some other Keratolytic agents which can also be effective in treating keratine synthesis and lighten letigines symptoms of Leopard syndrome.

Leopard Syndrome Further ReadingLeopard Syndome Further Reading:

Actinic Keratosis

Seborrheic Keratosis