Keratosis And Pigmentation In Children

Children have more sensitive skin than adults. Skin care for children should be gentle, because skin damage in childhood could carry on until he gets old. For example, if a child always stays under the heat of the sun, he or she could develop freckles. dark spots could carry on later in life.

There are certain risks for having skin abnormalities, and we’ll take the case of keratosis and pigmentation. Melanin and keratin are involved in such skin disorders. The excessive keratin causes keratosis, while excessive melanin causes uneven skin tone. Too much keratin and melanin triggers keratosis and hyperpigmentation respectively. Actually, keratin and melanin play important roles in our body. Mainly, keratin is for protection because hair protects the head, while melanin prevents over penetration of ultraviolet rays in our skin. Keratin and melanin are risk free, but too much of it is not good for the skin.


Keratoses are characterized into different categories skinned people are more sensitive to sunlight. Actinic keratosis causes crusty scaly patches to appear on skin, specially those areas that get more sun exposure.

Keratosis Pilaris – Keratosis pilaris resembles goosebumps.   This disorder is genetic and affects hair follicles. Excessive keratin which is accumulated on the hair follicles of the skin causes it.

Seborrheic Keratosis – Is commonly mistaken for actinic keratosis.

The issue is how will you protect your children from them? The truth is preventing these kind of skin disorders is almost impossible, but risks can be lessened. Factors that set off this cannot be avoided, just like the sunlight or your genetic make up. If keratosis runs in the family, it is most likely to occur in your children. Some keratoses are not curable, but they can be treated or removed.     You can just choose from surgery or skin cream/lotion application.


The normal pigmentation of skin is just alright, but excessive pigmentation is a trouble. Uneven skin tone often comes from hyperpigmentation. Melanin actually prevents excessive ultraviolet rays to get into the skin. The lighter the skin, the least melanin the skin has. Excessive exposure to the sun could cause uneven pigmentation of the skin. Using umbrellas on a bright sunny day is an efficient means to prevent this. Using sunscreen is another way. There are also lotions in the market that can remedy uneven skin tone.

The strength of ultraviolet rays in sunlight during 10 AM up to 4 PM is at its highest so try to avoid staying under the sun at those times. Exposure to the sun is not at all bad, but it should be put into control.