Keratosis is a growth of keratin on the skin. Keratin is what makes up human fingernails and hair. Skin on affected area may develop thickness, lumps and skin growth like warts. The kinds of keratosis vary on what caused it, they are actinic if it caused by overexposure to the sun, pilaris keratosis which is a follicular abnormality, hydrocarbon keratosis and seborrheic keratosis. Actinic keratosis is the most common form of keratosis and we’ll discuss about its surgical treatment. Solar keratosis is another name for it. Since the face, the arms and neck are the parts of the skin which is gets extended sun exposure, keratosis commonly affects these areas. The disease most likely occurs on people with fair skin. It could lead to cancer of the skin, and immediate treatment is a must.
Actinic or solar keratosis is mainly triggered by being exposed to the sun for long periods of time. It’s size spans from 2 millimeters-6 millimeters, almost the shape of a mole. But moles don’t just grow bigger and thicker like keratosis does. The main difference is its thickening and growth. Once diagnosed with such keratosis, there are many treatments available. Treatments are for various levels of acuteness. For mild cases, there are creams and gels which can be applied on the affected area for about 2-3 months. The gel or cream would loosen and soften the affected area and it will be removed easily. There are also surgical options, like cryosurgery.
Extremely low temperature is employed to skin to get rid of abnormal tissues. Liquid nitrogen or carbon dioxide snow are used in this kind of surgery. It hardens the affected area more to make it easier to eliminate. Cryosurgery is less expensive, less painful and scars minimally. On the other hand it can cause nerve tissue and healthy tissues to be damaged.
Another option for surgical treatment is through laser surgery. A scalpel is not used in this type of surgery. Laser surgery burns out damaged tissues, and it could be costly. Less pain and faster healing could be experienced through laser surgery.
Conventional surgery, or surgery with scalpel is another less expensive choice. Keratosis is not found deep within the skin and can be remedied by some applied gel and traditional surgery. This could be painful but removing a health risk is worth it.