Since hyperkeratosis treatment is a broad subject, the discussion will be kept as concisely comprehensive as possible. Prior to anything else, let us first determine what is hyperkeratosis. It commonly refers to the abnormal growth of keratin on one’s epidermis. As for keratin, it is the primary constituent of the epidermis itself. The term hyperkeratosis can be used to refer to cutaneous horns, actinic keratosis, and seborrheic keratosis. Hyperkeratosis as a condition can affect either a few parts of your body, or its entirety.
Differing in size, cutaneous horns are keratinous skin tumors. Usually localized and small in size, cutaneous horns are often benign. However, there is a chance that they can become malignant or premalignant. These keratinous skin tumors have been related with radiation as part of the effects of being exposed to it. The quickest treatment for this form of keratosis is by using a sterile razor to remove the hardened, dead keratin. Other forms of treatment include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and surgery.
With actinic keratosis, the reddish spots of hard, scaly skin that are its symptoms might become a precancerous malignant skin condition. This skin condition is prevalent among individuals that have fair skin and seems to be caused by unprotected, chronic exposure to the sun’s rays. Lesions from this skin condition must be treated immediately to prevent its progression into squamous cell carcinoma, a skin cancer. Sun-exposed areas, like the backs of hands, forearms, face, neck, ears, scalp, chest, or lips are the most commonly affected parts of the body. Ways to treat actinic keratosis might include lasers, medicated creams like 5-fluorouracil, photodynamic therapy, electrocautery, and cryosurgery. Regular check ups are important after finishing treatment, according to medical professionals.
The follicular condition keratosis pilaris, or follicular keratosis, show ups as bumps on the skin that are rough. These bumps can appear on the tops of the legs, buttocks, flanks, thighs, hands, etc. This type of keratosis is really a glut of keratin which traps hair follicles in the pore by surrounding the pores. The keratosis treatment in this case is the palliative type. Keratosis pilaris may also be cured using creams that have Triamcinolone or Tretinoin.
Seborrheic keratosis refers to skin growth that is always benign and often shows up among the elderly. Its cause is really unclear. Seborrheic keratosis is from keratinocytes, which look like small warts and may be colored with any color from light tan to even black.
Since it is noncancerous, no treatment is necessary. However, infected lesions may need cryosurgery if the infection is bad or if the itchiness is too much. Additional ways for seborrheic keratosis are light electrocautery, electrodessication and curettage, shave excision as well as cryotherapy.