Since keratosis treatment is a broad subject, the discussion will be kept as concisely comprehensive as possible. Let us first talk about keratosis on its own. It often refers to the abnormal growth of keratin on one’s skin. Keratin is the main organic constituent of the epidermis. Seborrheic keratosis, pilaris, actinic, as well as cutaneous horns are several examples of skin problems that are called keratosis. Keratosis as a condition can affect either small parts of your body, or its entirety.
Keratinous skin tumors called cutaneous horns usually appear like “horns” that can come in various sizes. Often benign, these “horns” are commonly localized and show up small. On the other hand, cutaneous horns might also end up as being malignant or premalignant. Studies show that cutaneous horns may be triggered by being exposed to radiation. For quick elimination, use a sterile blade to take away the toughened, dead “horns” of keratin. Other people with the condition engage in chemotherapy, radiation therapy as well as surgery as treatment.
Actinic keratosis has been known to be malignant, and can turn precancerous if the reddish spots of flaking, crusty skin are not attended to. Commonly targeting individuals with fair skin, actinic keratosis has been shown to be caused by over exposure to the sun unprotected. In order for the actinic keratosis not to progress into squamous cell carcinoma, a skin cancer, immediate treatment must be given to the afflicted individual. Sun-exposed areas, like the backs of hands, forearms, face, neck, ears, scalp, chest, or lips are the most commonly affected parts of the body. Keratosis treatment for this condition may include photodynamic therapy, electrocautery, cryosurgery, use of medicated creams like 5-fluorouracil, and use of lasers. Medical professionals extremely advise having periodic check ups once you are done with treatment.
The follicular condition keratosis pilaris, or follicular keratosis, appears as bumps on the skin that are coarse. The bumps often show up on individuals’ buttocks, thighs, flanks, hands, and the tops of the legs. This form of keratosis is actually a glut of keratin which traps hair follicles in the pore by surrounding the pores. Palliative treatments are advised. Triamcinolone or Tretinoin-containing creams also help in treating keratosis pilaris.
Last but not the least, seborrheic keratosis refers to benign skin growth that normally appears with the coming of old age. Reasons for this skin condition are still very unclear. Seborrheic keratosis appear like warts on the skin, come from keratinocytes as well as can range from black in color to light tan.
Due to the fact that seborrheic keratosis is noncancerous, treatment is commonly unnecessary. However, if the itchiness too difficult to bear and if the lesions have become infected, cryosurgery is what you require. Additional techniques for seborrheic keratosis are light electrocautery, electrodessication and curettage, shave excision as well as cryotherapy.