Hyperkeratosis is a skin disorder that the skin forms a thick layer as a result of excessive deposition of keratin. This condition is seen as the body’s preventive measure against friction. This is why keratin is overproduced. Hyperkeratosis also is said to be caused by chronic exposure to arsenic and a deficiency in vitamin A. The lesions produced are rough and sandpaper like. This skin condition is said to affect people with darker skin more than those with fair skin. Hyperkeratosis affects areas of the skin that are more subjected to constant irritation, pressure and rubbing. These areas are; the elbows, the palms, and the knees.
Hyperkeratosis is rarely noticed as it is painless. It also sometimes occurs in areas that have a lot of pigmentation like the elbows and therefore, noticing it is not easy.
Hyperkeratosis is not a contagious skin condition and therefore, treatment is not necessary. Nevertheless, there are treatment options for this skin condition. Low concentration urea-based products combined with salicylic acid and glycerin. Treatment depends on the type of hyperkeratosis.
A topical foam is another treatment option for hyperkeratosis.
Moisturizers are used as a maintenance treatment for hyperkeratosis. They work by hydrating the skin and increase lipid content of the skin hence improving the lesions by softening them.
Keratolytics are specially designed to counter overproduction of keratin in the skin. They work the same way as moisturizers. They soften the skin by hydrating it. This treatment is also good in increasing lipid content in the horny layer. With this hyperkeratosis can be effectively treated.
Hyperkeratosis is treated by emollients. Emollients interrupt the cycle of skin dryness and other disorders that cause skin barriers.
Kerafoam is 30% urea emollient and foam. This treatment rarely has side effects and works for most people.
Suppose the type of hyperkeratosis you are suffering from is warts, cryosurgery and surgical trimming are recommended treatments. If you have cones, use padding on the infected area. As you follow this treatment you should ensure that you avoid further friction to your body parts to avoid further friction.
Finally, as you have seen, there are numerous treatment options for hyperkeratosis. All you need to do is check the compatibility of the treatment with your skin as some people tend to react to some skin treatments. It is advisable to see your dermatologist for advice on the best treatment for hyperkeratosis. Do thorough research on the treatment before using it as you will be aware of the pros and cons.