Hyperkeratosis is a situation in which an additional thickening layer of the skin develops. This condition is linked to the production of excess keratin. The disease is not serious or contagious thus making it to go unnoticed by the majority. The feminine gender with a dark skin is the major victims of hyperkeratosis when compared to the rest of the population. It develops due to the repeated rubbing that occurs as friction takes place and pressure is exerted on some parts of the body.
The kind of hyperkeratosis referred to as corns and calluses affects some parts of the body that frequently experience friction which as a result get hard and develop corns. These commonly develop on the toes as well as on the palms.
The other kind of hyperkeratosis called Keratosis pilaris normally appears as gooseflesh. It is a disorder of the skin with the symptoms of bumps that look like acne. It mainly affects the teenagers with common areas being the upper arms. Its presence may also be found in babies with the common areas being their cheeks. Between the range of fifty percent to eighty percent of all the adolescents as well as approximately forty percent of adults experience this type of hyperkeratosis in their life times.
A big percentage of affected individuals ranging between thirty and fifty percent have hereditary connection of hyperkeratosis. The common characteristic of the disease is the follicular keratotic popules that are grouped and horny. These commonly appear on parts of the proximal limbs as well as on the anterior thighs and upper arms. The severity of the hyperkeratosis could be experienced under dry conditions which could include dry climates and during the winter months. At times, lesions make appearance on the face and could be mistaken as acne.
The cosmetic appearance of the affected individuals’ skin is poor. The common sign is also the presence of warts that are yellow-brown. Papules and bumps, size of a sand grain. The parts of the skin affected by Hyperkeratosis normally get discolored. Appearance of sun spots on top sides of the years is also another characteristic of hyperkeratosis. In some patients, a slight pinkness appears on areas around the bumps and in some cases, the skin turns red-brown. Rashes that are non-itching and non-painful could also appear on the skin. The Keratosis pilaris type at times makes appearance of the face with a close resemblance of acne.
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