Before hyperpigmentation might be discussed, we should first delve into the meaning of the term “pigmentation.” Basically speaking, an individual’s skin color is his skin pigmentation. It is the body’s skin cells (melanocytes) that function to produce melanin in the skin. The more melanin a person’s skin has, the darker its appearance will be. The skin color someone will have is primarily dependent on their racial background and the kind of exposure they have to the sunlight. Due to these factors, individuals vary in skin pigmentation.
Hyperpigmentation is caused by the over production of melanin in a person’s body and manifests as the darkening of parts of the skin. Due to this, dark spots of skin appear on one’s body where they wouldn’t normally do so. Sun damage, skin inflammation, or other skin injuries are seen as the main causes of hyperpigmentation. For the record, many conditions as well as bodily ailments are usually linked with hyperpigmentation. Here are several kinds of examples: Addison’s disease, acanthosis nigricans, melasma, porphyria, Cushing’s disease, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, melanosis, haemochromatosis, linea nigra, Celiac disease, Cronkite-Canada syndrome, and Tinea fungal infections. Hyperpigmentation is more familiar when seen as freckles, liver spots, sun spots, as well as age spots. Chemicals such as bleomycin, salicylic acid, and cisplatin have also been been said to cause hyperpigmentation. The people most prone to hyperpigmentation are those with Asian, African and the Mediterranean descent. Too much sun’s rays will also make you more prone to it.
Hyperpigmentation can greatly affect one’s looks. In a world where physical appearance is considered as very important, hyperpigmentation can seriously hinder one from being “beautiful”. Having a good complexion is considered as a must when it comes to good looks. Hyperpigmentation hinders this. If you have dark spots from this skin condition, they will often appear on the most visible parts of your body. These include the person’s face, neck, scalp, nape, forearms and hands. Many people afflicted with hyperpigmentation are embarrassed about the spots that mar their skin. To hide them, individuals will typically wear long clothes or wear cosmetics. Luckily, science has made it possible to find techniques to treat the condition. For this reason, numerous individuals use skin lightening products. Skin lightening products may contain any of the following substances: tretinoin (Retinol), azelaic acid, licorice extract, kojic acid, topical glucocorticoids, alpha hydroxy acids, ascorbic acid, and hydroquinone.
Skin is less attractive when marred by hyperpigmentation which is otherwise typically harmless. Since the afflicted areas are darker than the normal surrounding skin, many people desire for their condition to be alleviated. Pigmentation creams might provide treatment for hyperpigmentation. However, it is important to note that all treatment will be pointless if the patient still exposes himself to the sun.