What To Know About Keratosis

Keratosis is a skin condition caused by excessive keratin on skin. Keratin makes up the hair and nails of humans. Excessive amounts of this could be bad for the skin. There are many types of keratoses, each varying in nature and causes.

Actinic Keratosis
Actinic keratosis is also known as solar or senile keratosis. AK is said to be caused by too much exposure to the sun’s UV radiation and is associated with old age, thus it is sometimes called solar keratosis or senile keratosis. Actually, it can be a precancer sign and can result to squamous cell carcinoma. Actinic keratosis are wart like lumps which is rough, scaly but non viral. One must be concerned if he or she has this, for it can progress into a skin cancer later.

Actinic Keratosis Treatments
The good news is that there is a wide range of medication available for actinic keratosis. One can opt for non surgical or surgical treatments. Surgical treatments include cryotherapy (use of liquid nitrogen in freezing off), electrocautery (uses electricity in burning off) and laser (Er-YAG lasers). It depends on your case if these treatments suit you. There are also non surgical treatments, you only need to apply some sort of creams.

Imiquimod can heal actinic keratosis effectively. It modifies the immune response of a person. A doctor’s recommendation is needed to acquire the drug. The treatment may cause discomforts and skin may look unsightly. But the result after the treatment is satisfying.

Efudex is a form of 5-flourouracil, an anti cancer drug. It is commonly used for chemotherapy but it works for actinic keratosis as well. Application of the cream with fingers is recommended instead of metal applicators. Side effects include inflammation, itchiness, and pain on the area where the cream is applied. In other cases, skin staining and scarring also happens. The good thing is that it only occurs on the course of the treatment. Before using the drug, your doctor must know if you are taking any other medications. Women who are expecting a child or breastfeeding must not use Efudex. While using Efudex, you must prevent sun exposure or use sunscreens.
Before engaging in any treatments, be sure you have consulted a doctor or a dermatologist.

Seborrheic Keratosis
Seborrheic keratosis is a waxy, oily type of actinic keratosis. It is a noncancerous benign skin growth, so it poses no other potential dangers. Keratinocytes on the upper layer of the epidermis are liable for this. One can snicker at the notion that it resembles barnacles. The main reason it occurs is still unknown.

Seborrheic Keratosis Treatments
Cryosurgery and electrocautery are some forms of treatments for seborrheic keratosis. Electodessication and curettage is used for situations that are big enough.. With surgical excision, a scalpel is used instead of a curette.

Once you have solved these skin problems, you have to take very good care of it to avoid further sun damage. These conditions can become worse if not taken care of accordingly.