Before we can discuss what hyperpigmentation is, we should first become familiar with the term pigmentation. To define things simply, skin pigmentation refers to the color of a person’s skin. It is the body’s skin cells (melanocytes) that function to create melanin in the epidermis. The more melanin a person’s skin has, the darker its appearance will be. Skin pigmentation is mainly determined by the racial ethnicity of the person and the amount of sun exposure they get each day. Due to these aspects in determining skin pigmentation, the colors of individuals’ skins vary from one person to the next.
When we talk about hyperpigmentation, we are referring to the darkening of a portion of one’s epidermis that involves the over production of melanin. This often causes the abnormal appearance of darker spots on a person’s skin. Research has shown that the main causes behind hyperpigmentation are skin injuries, skin inflammation and sun damage. In connection to hyperpigmentation, there are a lot of of diseases and conditions that are connected to the darkening of the skin. Here are some types of examples: Addison’s disease, acanthosis nigricans, melasma, porphyria, Cushing’s disease, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, melanosis, haemochromatosis, linea nigra, Celiac disease, Cronkite-Canada syndrome, as well as Tinea fungal infections. The well-known types of hyperpigmentation are sun spots, freckles, age spots, and liver spots. Chemicals such as bleomycin, salicylic acid, as well as cisplatin have also been been known to be a cause of hyperpigmentation. The people most prone to hyperpigmentation are those with Asian, African and the Mediterranean descent. Bring exposed to too much sun will make them even more susceptible.
If one has hyperpigmentation, then their beauty are usually affected a lot. Beauty nowadays is judged by physical looks, so hyperpigmentation can be a problem if you wish to look attractive. One’s complexion must be smooth and even, if you wish to be attractive. Hyperpigmentation makes this difficult to accomplish. If you have dark spots from this skin condition, they will often appear on the most visible parts of your body. Such parts of the body include the hands, forearms, neck, scalp, face, and nape. Many people afflicted with hyperpigmentation are embarrassed about the spots that mar their skin. They try to cover them up with clothes or cosmetics. Luckily, science has made it possible to find methods to alleviate the condition. For this reason, a lot of individuals use skin lightening products. Skin lightening products may contain any of the following substances: tretinoin (Retinol), azelaic acid, licorice extract, kojic acid, topical glucocorticoids, alpha hydroxy acids, ascorbic acid, and hydroquinone.
Hyperpigmentation makes the skin unattractive, even if it is usually harmless. Because of the difference between the dark spots and the surrounding regular skin, a lot of individuals want to remove their hyperpigmentation. One can make use of the many pigmentation creams that have been researched and developed for treating hyperpigmentation. On the other hand, all treatment will go to waste if the individual with hyperpigmentation refuses to avoid direct exposure from the sunlight.